The importance of risk assessment
Risk assessment is an essential part of any project. A risk assessment is a systematic process that identifies and evaluates risks in the workplace. A well-conducted risk assessment can help create awareness of hazards in your work environment; identity who may be at increased personal risk (employees, visitors, contractors); establish controls for those identified risks; determine if existing control measures have been adequate or whether more should be done so the injury does not occur during potentially hazardous activities
How to conduct a risk assessment
There are 5 steps to conduct a risk assessment:
- Identify the hazard.
- Assess the risk
- Put controls/safe guards in place
- Re-assess the risk with control in place.
- Confirmation of reduced risk.
1. Identify the hazard.
Hazard identification is the process of identifying all hazards at risk in your work environment.
Many hazards exist in the workplace. Some of these can be easily identified such as manual handling, but others are less obvious and may not even show up on accident reports or injury logs. Consider how people work with plant equipment to identify hidden hazards that could cause harm without being detected by existing records (such as a new cleaning solution). Identifying what hazardous substances are used is also important when thinking about potential health risks for workers who use them regularly or come into contact during maintenance operations. For example, many workplaces contain asbestos which poses severe dangers if inhaled over time due to its link to respiratory illnesses like lung cancer.
Four risk categories to be use to identify hazards: Extreme, High, Moderate, and Low.
2. Assess the risk
Once you have identified what hazards may be present. decide how likely it is that someone could be harmed by these and to what extent if so. This is assessing the level of risk for your business premises or workplace environment with regard to those potential hazards. Decide: who might be harmed; what action you’re already taking in order to reduce this harm happening again (control measures); any further steps needed-who will carry out this necessary action; when they need to do it by
Risk matrix (Risk assessment matrix)
With all the risks that are out there, a risk matrix can be an easy way to assess the risk. The Risk Matrix is an incredible tool for quickly calculating the risk of a project. It helps identify what could go wrong (likelihood) and how much damage it would cause if these outcomes occurred (severity). This makes prioritizing issues quick and simple so you know which ones need attention.
Guidelines for assessing Severity
Major: Environmental Loss (Major pollution affecting life outside site), People (Fatality or Permanent disability.)
Serious: Environmental Loss (Major pollution confined to the inside site), People (Long term absence / Offsite treatment)
Moderate: Environmental Loss (Significant pollution causing a shutdown of unit/s), People (Moderate treatment / Shot term absence)
Minor: Environmental Loss (Pollution above limits / Small spills, emissions), People (First aid case / No significant injury)
Guidelines for assessing Likelihood
Very unlikely : Little or no chance of occurrence
Unlikely : Could occur, less than 50 / 50 chance
Possible : 50 / 50 chance
Probable : More likely to occur than not more than 50 / 50 chance
3. Put controls/safe guards in place
In order to ensure that risks are eliminated as much as possible, it is important for any potential hazards or dangers to be identified and evaluated. This will help determine the best way of handling them – whether by eliminating their source completely or controlling how they affect people most at risk (e.g., through engineering).
4. Re-assess the risk with control in place
If you’re already doing something in your workplace. ask yourself if there are ways to control or reduce the risks so that harm is unlikely. Ask these questions:
Can I get rid of this hazard altogether? If not, can I at least find a way to make it less hazardous? Consider some options for controlling risk levels and then take action on those ideas with training where necessary!
5. Confirmation of reduced risk
Confirmation of reduced risk is a must. The best way to know if you are reducing your risks at work, however, is by reviewing the controls in place and their effectiveness on a regular basis.
What is the purpose of a risk assessment
The purpose of a risk assessment process is to evaluate hazards then remove that hazard or minimize its level for employees by adding necessary control measures. With this done you’ve created an even safer workplace with healthier workers!
Every day, employees take risks in the workplace. These risks could range from a slip-and-fall to an electric shock, no matter what industry they work in or where their job is located. To help minimize these incidents and bring safety awareness to all staff members at your company, it’s important to conduct regular risk assessments
Why should I do a risk assessment for organizations
A risk assessment is a systematic process for identifying and evaluating workplace hazards. It can help organizations to ensure that their employees are safe on the job, which in turn helps them perform better at work.
The first step of any safety plan should be assessing what risks exist in your office or business location. A proper risk assessment will identify potential dangers such as improper storage procedures, slippery floors, no access control points- so you know where to focus your efforts on improving conditions before they become an issue! This type of evaluation also ensures worker awareness about how hazardous certain items may be (for example electrical outlets), allowing workers time to prepare accordingly if needed
Who needs to do a risk assessment
The team will be led by the project manager, who is in charge of managing safety for a particular site. The Area Safety Engineer, Shift supervisors, and any other engineer if necessary. should have experience with risk assessment tools like MSHA’s HAZCOM or OSHA’s EH&S Toolkit to ensure they can properly assess risks at construction sites.
When should I do a risk assessment
Risk assessments are an essential step to prevent harm and accidents on site. risk assessment shall be prepared before starting any work & it is required for all activities.
When to Update Risk Assessment
In order to keep up with the ever-changing world, it’s important that you update your risk assessment regularly. In the construction industry, there are many reasons for updating your risk assessment.
Changes to design or materials may demand a new hazard analysis.
After an accident has occurred that requires changes in safety protocol If key equipment changes. Even small company policies updates. A project suspension will also require a constant reassessment of what consequences this would have for workers’ lives. A new subcontractor who join in work process so it’s necessary for any risk assessment need to update too.