Hand Tools Safety – Hazards & Precautions

Hand Tools Safety

Hand Tools : A tool held in the hand and operated without electricity or other energy. The tools like hammer, chisel, screw driver, shovel, Pickaxe is comes under hand tools.

Hand Tools Hazards

  • Eye injuries due to the flying particles
  • Hammer may cause Impact Injuries
  • Damage handles of hand tools
  • Slipping while using.
  • Falling from height.
  • While climbing ladder carrying tools in hand.

Safety Precaution of Hand Tools:

  • Inspection should be done before use.
  • Always keep clean.
  • Always keep tools in box.
  • Use proper tool for the job doing.
  • Use bucket and leather bad to shift the tools at height.
  • Follow color coding.
  • Awareness among the workers for the safe using.
Hammer:
  • Use the correct hammer for the type of work to be done.
  • Have an unobstructed swing when using a hammer and watch for overhead interference.
  • Hold the nail near its head while hammering.

Chisels:

A chisel is a cutting tool with a single cutting edge.

  • Don’t use chisel that is bent, cracked, chipped or with mushroom head.
  • Always wear safety goggles or a face shield when using a chisel.
  • Keep edges sharp for most effective work and protect when not in use.
Wrench:
  • Wrenches are design to turn or hold bolts, nuts or multiple-thread fasteners
  • They are sized to keep the leverage and load in an acceptable balance.
  • By using the correct size, the wrench is less prone to slip or round off the fastener corners.

Type of Wrenches:

  • Open-End Wrenches
  • Box End Wrenches
  • Combination
Proper Use of Wrench:

  • Always try to pull on a wrench (instead of pushing) in case the fastener loosens.
  • Adjustable wrenches must be adjusted tightly to the fasteners and then pulled, putting the force on the fixed end.
  • Never alter a wrench.
  • Don’t use metal handles-they are too rigid and can injure your hands.
  • Don’t use any extensions to provide additional torque
  • Do not over torque a fastener. Use a torque wrench to tighten the fastener to the exact torque required.
  • Inspect wrenches periodically for damage, such as cracking, severe wear or distortion.
  • Always use non-sparking wrenches when in the presence of flammable vapors or dusts.
Hack Saws
  • Adjust and tighten saw blades.
  • Install blades with teeth pointing forward.
  • Use proper appropriate blade (teeth per inch)
  • Apply pressure on the forward stroke only.

Screwdrivers
  • Most screwdrivers are not designed to be used on electrical equipment. Use an insulated screwdriver.
  • Do not hold an object in the palm of one hand and press a screwdriver into it, place it on a bench or a table.
  • Never hammer with a screwdriver.
  • Check for broken handles, bent blade, etc.

Carrying or transporting tools
  • Use a tool box, tool-holder, belt or pouch, this will protect the person and the tool
  • Carry pointed or sharp tools with the point or cutting edge away from the body
  • Do not carry tools by hand up ladders
  • Do not lay tools down where people can trip on them or they can fall on someone.

Spark Resistant Tools – Non Sparking tools.

Around flammable substances, sparks produced by iron and steel hand tools can be a dangerous ignition source.  Where this hazard exists, spark-resistant tools made from brass, plastic, aluminum, or wood shall be used.

Author: Afnan Tajuddin

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