Hand Tools Safety – Hazards & Precautions
Hand Tools Safety
Hand Tools : A tool held in the hand and operated without electricity or other energy. The tools like hammer, chisel, screw driver, shovel, Pickaxe is comes under hand tools.
Hand Tools Hazards
- Eye injuries due to the flying particles
- Hammer may cause Impact Injuries
- Damage handles of hand tools
- Slipping while using.
- Falling from height.
- While climbing ladder carrying tools in hand.
Safety Precaution of Hand Tools:
- Inspection should be done before use.
- Always keep clean.
- Always keep tools in box.
- Use proper tool for the job doing.
- Use bucket and leather bad to shift the tools at height.
- Follow color coding.
- Awareness among the workers for the safe using.
- Use the correct hammer for the type of work to be done.
- Have an unobstructed swing when using a hammer and watch for overhead interference.
- Hold the nail near its head while hammering.
A chisel is a cutting tool with a single cutting edge.
- Don’t use chisel that is bent, cracked, chipped or with mushroom head.
- Always wear safety goggles or a face shield when using a chisel.
- Keep edges sharp for most effective work and protect when not in use.
- Wrenches are design to turn or hold bolts, nuts or multiple-thread fasteners
- They are sized to keep the leverage and load in an acceptable balance.
- By using the correct size, the wrench is less prone to slip or round off the fastener corners.
Type of Wrenches:
- Open-End Wrenches
- Box End Wrenches
Proper Use of Wrench:
- Always try to pull on a wrench (instead of pushing) in case the fastener loosens.
- Adjustable wrenches must be adjusted tightly to the fasteners and then pulled, putting the force on the fixed end.
- Never alter a wrench.
- Don’t use metal handles-they are too rigid and can injure your hands.
- Don’t use any extensions to provide additional torque
- Do not over torque a fastener. Use a torque wrench to tighten the fastener to the exact torque required.
- Inspect wrenches periodically for damage, such as cracking, severe wear or distortion.
- Always use non-sparking wrenches when in the presence of flammable vapors or dusts.
- Adjust and tighten saw blades.
- Install blades with teeth pointing forward.
- Use proper appropriate blade (teeth per inch)
- Apply pressure on the forward stroke only.
- Most screwdrivers are not designed to be used on electrical equipment. Use an insulated screwdriver.
- Do not hold an object in the palm of one hand and press a screwdriver into it, place it on a bench or a table.
- Never hammer with a screwdriver.
- Check for broken handles, bent blade, etc.
Carrying or transporting tools
- Use a tool box, tool-holder, belt or pouch, this will protect the person and the tool
- Carry pointed or sharp tools with the point or cutting edge away from the body
- Do not carry tools by hand up ladders
- Do not lay tools down where people can trip on them or they can fall on someone.
Spark Resistant Tools – Non Sparking tools.
Around flammable substances, sparks produced by iron and steel hand tools can be a dangerous ignition source. Where this hazard exists, spark-resistant tools made from brass, plastic, aluminum, or wood shall be used.