Hand Tools : A tool held in the hand and operated without electricity or other energy. The tools like hammer, chisel, screw driver, shovel, Pickaxe is comes under hand tools.
Table of Contents
Hand Tools Hazards
- Eye injuries due to the flying particles
- Hammer may cause Impact Injuries
- Hand Tools SafetyDamage handles of hand tools
- Slipping while using.
- Falling from height.
- While climbing ladder carrying tools in hand.
Hand Tools Safety Precaution:
- Inspection should be done before use.
- Always keep clean.
- Always keep tools in box.
- Use proper tool for the job doing.
- Use bucket and leather bad to shift the tools at height.
- Follow color coding.
- Awareness among the workers for the safe using.
- Use the correct hammer for the type of work to be done.
- Have an unobstructed swing when using a hammer and watch for overhead interference.
- Hold the nail near its head while hammering.
A chisel is a cutting tool with a single cutting edge.
- Don’t use chisel that is bent, cracked, chipped or with mushroom head.
- Always wear safety goggles or a face shield when using a chisel.
- Keep edges sharp for most effective work and protect when not in use.
- Wrenches are design to turn or hold bolts, nuts or multiple-thread fasteners
- They are sized to keep the leverage and load in an acceptable balance.
- By using the correct size, the wrench is less prone to slip or round off the fastener corners.
Type of Wrenches:
- Open-End Wrenches
- Box End Wrenches
Proper Use of Wrench:
- Always try to pull on a wrench (instead of pushing) in case the fastener loosens.
- Adjustable wrenches must be adjusted tightly to the fasteners and then pulled, putting the force on the fixed end.
- Never alter a wrench.
- Don’t use metal handles-they are too rigid and can injure your hands.
- Don’t use any extensions to provide additional torque
- Do not over torque a fastener. Use a torque wrench to tighten the fastener to the exact torque required.
- Inspect wrenches periodically for damage, such as cracking, severe wear or distortion.
- Always use non-sparking wrenches when in the presence of flammable vapors or dusts.
- Adjust and tighten saw blades.
- Install blades with teeth pointing forward.
- Use proper appropriate blade (teeth per inch)
- Apply pressure on the forward stroke only.
- Most screwdrivers are not designed to be used on electrical equipment. Use an insulated screwdriver.
- Do not hold an object in the palm of one hand and press a screwdriver into it, place it on a bench or a table.
- Never hammer with a screwdriver.
- Check for broken handles, bent blade, etc.
Carrying or transporting tools
- Use a tool box, tool-holder, belt or pouch, this will protect the person and the tool
- Carry pointed or sharp tools with the point or cutting edge away from the body
- Do not carry tools by hand up ladders
- Do not lay tools down where people can trip on them or they can fall on someone.
Spark Resistant Tools – Non Sparking tools.
Around flammable substances, sparks produced by iron and steel hand tools can be a dangerous ignition source. Where this hazard exists, spark-resistant tools made from brass, plastic, aluminum, or wood shall be used.