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Definition of Safety & other terminologies

Definition of Safety & other terminologies

Definition of Safety:

It is the state of being safe, the conditions of being protected from health and economical losses, physical, damage accident, error, harm or other types of consequences of failure.

Safety can also be defined to be the control of recognized hazards to achieve an acceptable risk level.

Industrial safety:

It is defined as policies and protections put in place to ensure plant and factory worker protection from hazards that could cause injury.

Occupational Health & Safety

Conditions and factors that effect, or could effect, the health and safety of employees or other workers (including temporary workers and contractor personnel), visitors, or any other person in the workplace.

Occupational Health & Safety Management System

Part of an organization’s management system used to develop and implement its OH&S policy and manage its OH&S risks.


Source, situation, substance or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health or a combination of these. Hazard Identification Process of recognizing that a hazard exists and defining its characteristics.

Acceptable Risk

The risk that has been reduced to a level that can be tolerated by the organization having regard to its legal obligations and its own OH&S Policy.


Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s).

Risk Assessment

Process of evaluating the risks arising from hazards, taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk is acceptable.

Definition of Event:

The possible incident that could result if a threat should release hazard.

Definition of Incidents:

An Incident is an unplanned event or chain of events, which has, or could have, caused injury or illness and/or damage (loss) to people, assets, the environment, or reputation. It includes accident and a near miss.

Definition of Accidents:

An Accident is an Incident, which has caused harm/loss.

Environmental Incident:

Any unplanned or uncontrolled release of material (liquids or gases or solids) likely to have an environmental impact.


It is a health condition or disorder, other than resulting from an injury



A fatality is a classification of a death resulting from a Work Injury or Occupational Illness, regardless of the time intervening between injury and death.

Definition of Safety

Substandard Acts or Unsafe Act:

It’s a human error or person mistake by which there is a chance of accident or property loss.

Substandard Condition or Unsafe Conditions:

It is the condition by which there has a chance of getting accidents and property losses.

Near Miss:

A Near Miss is an Incident, which results in no injury, illness, damage, product loss or harm to the company reputation.

First Aid Case – FAC:

Any one-time treatment and subsequent observation of minor scratches, cuts, burns, splinters, etc., which do not ordinarily require medical care by a physician.

Medical Treatment case – MTC:

A Medical Treatment Case is any reportable injury or occupational illness that involves neither Lost Workdays nor Restrict Workdays but which requires treatment by a physician. Medical Treatment does not include First Aid even if this provided by a physician or registered professional personnel.

Restricted Workday Case – RWC:

A Restricted Workday Case is any work injury or occupational illness which prevents the employee from doing either one or more parts of his regular duties or working complete shift. The employee can do part of the job all day or all of the job for part of the day.

Definition of  Lost workday case – LWC:

Because of work injury or occupational illness employee death has happen or person not able to work furthermore comes under lost workday case.

Definition of  Lost time injury – LTI:

Any work-related injury or occupational illness which renders a person temporarily unable to perform any regular job for one or more day after the incident.

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