Quick action in the early stages can usually reverse heat-related illnesses.
Heat exhaustion can occur if a person becomes too hot, expends too much energy, and does not drink enough fluids.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion are:
- Profuse sweating
- Muscle cramps, generally in the legs and abdomen
First aid for heat exhaustion is :
- Help the victim to lie down in the shade or air-conditioned area.
- Give water in small amounts every 2 to 3 minutes until the victim recovers.
- Call for assistance by radio from the Ahmadi clinic.
- DO NOT give ice.
- Apply cool water to the back of the neck and wrists.
- Muscular cramps might occur as a result of salt depletion. In such cases, increase the salt intake of the victim.
|Heat Exhaustion Vs Heat Stroke|
- Heatstroke is very rare but is potentially life threatening.
- It may occur after heat exhaustion has set in and has the following symptoms :
- High body temperature (very hot to the touch).
- Dry skin (the victim stops sweating).
- Rapid, shallow breathing.
- The victim will be disoriented or may become unconscious.
First Aid for heat stroke:
Call for medical assistance immediately.
- Move the victim into shade or air conditioning.
- Keep the victim lying down on his side.
- Pack ice, if available, around the victims wrists, under the arms, and groin area. Use water if ice not available.
- If victim is conscious give small amounts of water to drink every 2 to 3 minutes.
- Remove clothing from chest to torso.
- Do not allow stroke victim to swallow ice and DO NOT give salt.
- Keep the victim calm and wait for medical assistance to arrive.